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Medical Alert System
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HOME SAFETY 411 / ANSWERS
- False. The air nearest the floor is coolest; however, that air is deadly. While heat and smoke do rise, the gases given off when plastics, nylons, dacrons an other chemically produced products burn is heavier than air and therefore sink to the floor. These gases are extremely deadly. The safety zone is approximately 18 inches above the floor, below the descending heat and smoke and above the deadly heavier chemicals that sink to the floor.
- False. Heat and smoke rise in a fire. The heat rising to the ceiling reaches temperatures in excess of 500 degrees. As this hot air travels across the ceiling completely it begins to descend spilling under door jambs traveling from room to room. When the extremely hot air comes in contact with another flammable object, a new fire starts. This could happen three rooms away from the initial fire. Therefore, papers lying on a desk two to three feet away from the original fire source may not ignite, yet light, highly flammable materials in a storage room ten yards away may catch fire next.
- False. An important safety training rule to adopt in every workplace is the rule to establish a rendezvous point. That is a place where we all agree to meet in the event of a fire. This rendezvous point can simply be the parking lot across the street. This rule is important because it has happened that all employees managed to get out of a building fire; however, since one of them, perhaps an old friend is unaccounted for, someone goes back inside searching for the missing person and die in the fire. If you all meet at the same place, you can count heads and prevent tragic loss of life.
- False. If there is a fire outside your door, opening the door could produce an explosion that may result in your death. If you saw the movie Back Draft, that is what happens. The colder air from your office mixes with the hotter air on the other side of the door, and a back draft explosion results. The proper way is to feel the door on your side first. Feel it high up. If it feels hot to the touch, do not open it. If it doesn't feel especially hot, brace your foot against the bottom of the door and then open the door a few inches, enough to feel the air on the other side. If you feel hot air, close the door and exit through your window. If not, you can proceed out of the door staying low, above 18 inches.
- True. So if there's time as you exit during a fire, close doors to prevent spreading and extend rescue time.
- False. OSHA recommends knowing the pathway to at least two alternative exits from every room/area at the workplace.
- The correct answer is D. You should not attempt to put out the fire. Every second in a fire is critical. According to the National Fire Protection Association you have less than two minutes to escape a home on fire alive. Calling the fire before you get out of the house wastes valuable time and subjects you to possible injury or death. Get out first, than call the fire department. Smoke and heat do rise, however, as mentioned above, heavier than air gases given off when chemically produced products burn sink to the floor. Crawling with your head above 18 inches is the correct and safe way out of the house. Small children should not crawl if when kneeling they are lower than 18 inches.
- True. Child playing fires are the leading cause of fire deaths among preschoolers. Source: NFPA One-Stop Data Shop
- False. Over half of child-playing fires in the home start in a bedroom. NFPA
- False. Stop, drop and roll is the rule to live by should your clothing ever catch fire. Running only fans the fire making it far worse. Stop, drop, roll and live!
- False. The smoke is more likely to render you unconscious. Rely on smoke detectors to provide advanced warning. Check batteries regularly.
- Getting up quickly is the problem. Because heat could be descending from your ceiling that is in excess of 500 degrees, sitting up in bed as you normally would to get out could very well put your head right into the descending heat. One breath could prove deadly. The correct way to respond to this emergency is to roll out of bed, gaining no height. Staying low, crawl to the door checking it as mentioned above.